Mobile keyboards often present error corrections and word completions
(suggestions) as candidates for anticipated user input. However, these
suggestions are not cognitively free: they require users to attend, evaluate, and
act upon them. To understand this trade-off between suggestion savings and
interaction costs, we conducted a text transcription experiment that controlled
interface assertiveness: the tendency for an interface to present itself.
Suggestions were either always present (extraverted), never present
(introverted), or gated by a probability threshold (ambiverted).
Results showed that although increasing the assertiveness of suggestions reduced
the number of keyboard actions to enter text and was subjectively preferred, the
costs of attending to and using the suggestions impaired average time performance.